Making your own bread is so rewarding and once you start it becomes a little bit addictive. Also once you taste how delicious still-warm-from-the-oven bread tastes, you'll never want to eat a bought loaf again. Here's what you need:
450g of strong bread flour (organic really is best in my opinion)
7g (1 sachet) of dried fast action yeast
1 teaspoon of sugar
1 (heaped) teaspoon of salt
1 1/2 tablespoons of olive oil or 1oz of unsalted butter
About 300ml of warm water
Yeast loves sugar but hates salt, so it's really important to keep them away from each other for as long as possible until everything is combined. I always start off by putting the yeast and sugar into the mixing bowl 1st before adding the flour. Then add the oil, salt and water. This gives the yeast the best chance of not being killed by the salt. Don't be afraid of the salt though, without it you'd have a very bland bread and no one wants that!
Although my recipe says about 300ml of warm water, it really depends on the type of flour you use and the temperature around you. If it's a very warm and dry day you may need more water, likewise if it's a very humid or wet day you may need less. The more bread you make the easier this is to gauge. Dough that is too wet or too dry will not make a good loaf, you have to find the right balance by feeling the dough (although it is better to have a dough a bit on the wet side than overly dry). Add about 3/4 of the water and see what the consistency is like, it's easy to add more but not to take it away.
Once your dough is at the right consistency, it's time to knead! There is no right or wrong way to knead bread, it's just about moving the dough until it is smooth and consistent. I've made a short video of how I knead, I stretch the dough with 1 hand and pull it back with the other. You need to make sure you knead the bread enough or you won't have built up the gluten enough in the flour and you won't have as good a rise. 10 mins is usually long enough, I either listen to 3 songs on my iPod or watch a 10 min long video on YouTube, so I have a good idea of when 10mins is up.
Lightly oil the mixing bowl you've already used and leave the ball of dough to rise for 1 hour (I set an alarm so I don't forget) in a warm place away from drafts. I use a (new and unused) shower cap you get from hotels to cover the top of the bowl, but plastic wrap works perfectly well too. After the hour you need to knock the dough back by giving it a quick knead for a minute or two, this will get rid of the bigger air bubbles. Then tuck the dough in on itself and make it into a sausage shape that will fit into a greased bread tin.
Although very difficult, try leave it cool for an hour on a rack before cutting into it and enjoying one of the nicest breads you've ever eaten!